The Compromise of 1850 attempted to resolve the issue of the admittance of slavery in California. John C. Calhoun had brought concern to the problem of slavery within the new territories believing it should be allowed in the new territories to avoid succession from the South. Henry Clay drew the package of bills that formed the Compromise and also won support of Daniel Webster. Later after the compromise fell apart, Stephen A. Douglas picked up the reins and reintroduced the provisions. The Compromise of 1850 enacted a more strict Fugitive Slave Act while also banning the sale, but not the practice, of slavery in the District of Columbia. In addition, California would admitted as a free state and Utah and New Mexico would decide for themselves whether or not to allow slavery in the state. The Compromise also resolved the Texas and New Mexico border issue which forced Texas to pay $10 million to the federal government. The Compromise had a few drawbacks such as how to enforce the new fugitive slave law and opened the door for more dispute over slavery and only temporarily solved the issue.
The Kansas-Nebrasksa aimed at repealing the Missouri Compromise and establishing the new states of Nebraska and Kansas where new settlements could be made. The act had hopes of creating a transcontinental railroad and allowing for the states to decide whether or not to allow slavery through popular sovereignty. The act was designed by Stephen A. Douglas but heavily opposed by, among others, Abraham Lincoln. The act planned to resolve slavery by repealing the Missouri Compromise, thus allowing slavery above the 36˚ 30˚ line and allow for the Nebraska and Kansas territory to decide whether or not to allow slavery. The plan was flawed in that Stephen Douglas didn’t understand the debate that would occur. The plan lay ground for an intense battle on the ground by both pro and anti slavery groups and people. especially in Kansas. Each side was flooded by supporters of their respective causes. Like most previous plans, it lacked a strong lasting solution to slavery and only solved the solution temporarily. The act divided the country again and help point to future conflict.